World Arthritis Day 2020: Read to know more about Arthritis

In effort to maintain our health, we do tons of things — from taking control of our diet to eating and sleeping on time, and exercising regularly. But sometimes, we could also be in danger of developing a painful condition which will then become a lifelong struggle.
What is it?

An inflammation in one or more joints is mentioned as arthritis. Arthritis inflammation causes pain, stiffness, and swelling within the joints and therefore the surrounding tissues, which usually worsen with age. the 2 commonest types are osteoarthritis and atrophic arthritis .
Arthritis is likely indenyable a part of ageing for a majority of individuals and with growing age, they accept limitations in their lifestyle as irreversible. Ways of overcoming the discomfort and disability caused by arthritis,” says Dr Rajgopal, adding that while osteoarthritis is typically caused by normal wear and tear, atrophic arthritis is an autoimmune disease . the opposite sorts of arthritis are often caused by infection, acid crystals and an underlying disease like psoriasis or lupus.
Osteoarthritis affects older adults particularly. it’s a degenerative joint disease during which the pain or swelling occurs thanks to the progressive loss of cartilage within the joints.
Reaction behind osteoarthritis is unknown, some people can have a genetic predisposition to degenerative joint disorders. this is often especially relevant for people that develop it at an early age. the opposite causes for osteoarthritis include misuse of anabolic steroids (used by some athletes), trauma to joint surfaces and being overweight, which may cause early and more rapid progression of joint problems, especially within the knees.
The onset of osteoarthritis is gradual and has no serious debilitating effect within the beginning just in case of the many people, although it can change the form and appearance of the joint.
Understanding atrophic arthritis
While atrophic arthritis can occur at any age, it mostly begins to affect people once they are between 30-50 years aged . The prevalence is higher in women by two to 3 times more as compared to men. atrophic arthritis is characterised by inflammation, swelling, and pain within the hands, especially the knuckles and next closest finger joints, also as within the wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, and feet. this will be amid fatigue also .

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Another sort of atrophic arthritis is Juvenile atrophic arthritis , and because the name suggests, it affects the young population — usually between 12-18 years aged , warns Dr Rajgopal.

How can they be prevented?
Several risk factors — modifiable and non-modifiable — are related to arthritis. Modifiable risk factors are often managed for preventing the disease. Eat sensibly, control your weight, and exercise regularly — these are all mantras for keeping knee problems cornered .”
Data from the primary National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey within the USA showed that obese women were nearly fourfold more likely to possess osteoarthritis. Exercise regularly — the safest exercises are people who place the smallest amount weight on the joints, like cycling, swimming and hydro aerobics, advises the doctor.

  • Dietary factors also play a task . Although no specific diet has been shown to stop osteoarthritis, certain nutrients are related to a reduced risk of the disease. Fatty acids are known to scale back joint inflammation and may be found in certain plant and nut oils including walnut, soyabean, flaxseed and vegetable oil. The body makes most of it needs in response to sunlight and this will be supplemented by fatty fish like salmon, mackerel, tuna, eggs, etc.
  • Injuries also act as risk factors. Dr Rajgopal advises that we avoid injuries and once injured, catch on treated immediately. Study at Hopkins school of medicine found that folks who injured a knee in adolescence or young adulthood were 3 times more likely to develop osteoarthritis therein knee, compared to those that had not suffered an injury,” he says.
    Treatment
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This can be treated mostly with occupational or physiotherapy , exercise, and over-the-counter pain relieving medication. Alternate medicine like Ayurveda, massages with medicinal oils and homeopathy also offer relief to some people within the early stages of arthritis.
Osteotomy, and total joint replacement. While the primary three offer relief from pain, they can’t cure the condition. the sole cure for arthritis is joint replacement surgery,” Dr Rajgopal concludes